Marchesi de’ Frescobaldi is a wine-producing company in Tuscany known for production of prestigious wines. The history of the Frescobaldi family is interwoven with that of the city of Florence and of Tuscany. The first documents from the archives that refer to the family date back to about the year 1000 when the Frescobaldi ancestors of the family came to Florence from Val di Pesa. From the beginnings of the 1300s, according to the archives, there is archival evidence of the Frescobaldi family as producers of prestigious wines. The documents give historical witness of this activity through various periods.
In an essay Philip Jones refers to the Villa di Montecastello in Val di Pesa built in 1340 by the Frescobaldi family with the proceeds of the sale of wine from the vineyards che le facevano corona.
The historian Donato Velluti (1313 – 1370), attributes to Castellano di Bardo of Lamberto Frescobaldi (1290–1357) the initiation in 1310 of the viticulture activities of the Frescobaldi family in Val di Pesa.
According to Velluti (the domestic chronicle in the care of I. Del Lungo and G. Volpi in Sansoni, Florence ), notary sources and property surveys, from the beginning of the 1300s Castellano di Bardo started to acquire new lands in Val di Pesa – which are again today part of the Tenuta di Castiglioni – for the planting of vines and for the production of prestigious wines in part destined for the commercial market.
In 1331, Mr. Berto Frescobaldi’s will defined the relative quotas of the hereditary estate that included holdings around the parish of San Michele a Castiglioni, comprised of “houses, mills, vineyards, orchards, farms, various lands”. These made up the nucleus around which were other holdings in the regions of Montelupo, Ginestra and Signa – the “lands of Frescobaldi” as painted in the Map of Tuscany (1589) displayed in the Uffizi Gallery. Since the 1500s members of the family (Stoldo e Lamberto) have utilized Castiglioni as a country house which has been renovated in successive periods and expanded into a villa with great dedication by the Bishop of Fiesole, Lorenzo Frescobaldi in the 1800s.
During the Renaissance in Tuscany the Frescobaldis have produced prestigious wines that were exported to Flanders and England where the Florentine branch of the family became the supplier to the English Court. In the family archives at Villa di Poggio in Remole, one again finds parchments containing the request of goods to the Frescobaldi family on behalf of King Henry VIII of England.
One can also find letters and documents of sale to the Papal court and famous artists of the 1400s and 1500s. Donatello and his workshop were habitual clients as was Michelozzo Michelozzi at the time of the construction of the Palazzo Medici Riccardi.
Producing prestigious wines has always been a part of the culture and history of the family for over 700 years and 30 generations.
In recent history is Vittorio Frescobaldi, who in 1977 was nominated for the ‘Cavaliere del Lavoro’, Order of Merit for Labour.
In 1989 CastelGiocondo was added to the family’s historical properties of Castello di Nipozzano, Castello di Pomino and Tenuta di Castiglioni in Val di Pesa. Castelgiocondo is in the heart of the region of Montalcino, strengthening the notoriety at the international level for the quality of the family’s prestigious wines. While the history of the family spans centuries, the company is able to unite the past and tradition with modernity through being dynamic and innovative, and is among the most relevant and prestigious wine producers in the world.
The estates are distributed in the regions of Tuscany lauded for the production of prestigious wines: from Castello di Nipozzano in Chianti Rufina to Castelgiocondo di Montalcino in the province of Siena; from the Tenuta di Castiglioni in the Florentine hills, the most ancient property of the family to Castello di Pomino in Pomino D.O.C. (controlled designation of origin since 1983), which is located on the mountainside of the Apennines in the Tosco-Emiliano region – already noted in the times of the Grand Duke Cosimo III de’ Medici as among the best zones of the region for wine production in the famous Bando del Granduca in 1716.
At Castello di Pomino, Pomino Benefizio is produced with Chardonnay grapes; a “cru” wine of a single vineyard at about 650 metres of altitude.
Pomino Rosso is produced from Pinot Nero grapes while Pomino Bianco comes from Pinot Bianco and a prevalence of Chardonnay. The Pomino Vinsanto is a highly prized wine of great refinement, among the few D.O.C. of its type.
At Castello di Nipozzano, in the heart of Chianti Rufina east of Florence, three highly esteemed red wines are produced: Montesodi Chianti Rufina, a “cru” of great texture and elegance; Mormoreto, the great wine of the estate from grapes of Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet Franc and Petit Verdot; and Nipozzano Riserva Chianti Rufina, a wine that reflects its terroir and is an expression of the classic Tuscany.
Tenuta di Castelgiocondo has over 800 hectares of which 240 are vineyards – 151 of these are in the official registry of Brunello. Castelgiocondo is, among the estates of Montalcino, one of the most prestigious. Produced there are Castelgiocondo Brunello Riserva, Castelgiocondo Brunello di Montalcino (in the most favourable years), Campo ai Sassi, Rosso di Montalcino and Lamaione, a cru of Merlot grapes.
Produced at Tenuta di Castiglioni are Saltagrilli, a fruity and balanced rosè; Tenuta Frescobaldi di Castiglioni from Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot Cabernet Franc and Sangiovese, a rich wine of great harmony; and finally Giramonte, a rare and exclusive cru.
Currently the prestigious wines of Marchesi de’ Frescobaldi are exported to over 80 countries in the world.
Awards for prestigious wines
The prestigious wines of Marchesi de’ Frescobaldi have received numerous awards.